June 8-14: Houthis escalate cross-border drone attacks, coalition airstrikes kill civilians in San’a

Sunday, June 9

Al-Masirah, a Houthi propaganda agency, reported that Houthi drones targeted Saudi drone  facilities at Jizan International Airport, which al-Masirah claims has been converted into a military airbase. Saudi Arabian air defense forces intercepted two of the Houthi aircraft.

Monday, June 10
A woman and her three daughters were injured when a Houthi shell struck their home in northern Ta’iz today, al-Masdar Online reports.

May 10-June 7: Government disputes Houthis' "withdrawal" from Hudaydah, Houthis attack Saudi oil facilities, European labor unions protest arms shipments, US and KSA ratchet up tensions with Iran

Friday, May 10

The Houthis have agreed to unilaterally remove their forces from the ports of al-Hudaydah, Salif, and Ras Isa between May 11 and May 14. Many observers are sceptical of the promise, given the Houthis’ previous failures to follow through on this aspect of the Stockholm Agreements.

The UN is assessing possible damage to grain stored in the Red Sea Mills facility in Hudaydah following gunfire on Thursday. The National reports that the Houthis attacked the mills causing damage to one of the silos and the wheat stored in it.

Saturday, May 11

A Yemeni government minister has said that the Houthis’ handover of the three main ports in Hudaydah is a “show” meant to “disinform the international community.” Last year the Houthis staged a similar withdrawal of the port of Hudaydah, before it was discovered that the Coast Guard forces the Houthis had handed the port to were, in fact, also Houthi fighters. Journalist Baseem al-Jenani notes that this marks the third time in six months that the Houthis have announced their withdrawal from Hudaydah in accordance with the Stockholm Agreement

The Security Council has approved 75 observers to join the monitoring mission in Hudaydah as part of the Stockholm agreement. However, there are currently only 15 observers in Hudaydah while the others are waiting on visas. The observers were intended to monitor the implementation of the deal and assess conditions on the ground, tasks the mission cannot carry out without adequate staffing.

IHL & HRL Violations - May 2019


Al-Hudaydah Governorate

On May 24, the Mothers of Abductees Organization accused the Houthis of torturing and beating three men who died in their custody. Torture is a violation of rule 90.


The UN has accused the Houthis of stealing and misappropriating aid meant for civilians. According to the UN, an estimated 1% of aid in Yemen has gone missing and dozens of areas throughout Yemen have been promised aid that was never delivered. This is a violation of rule 55, which prohibits inhibiting humanitarian relief for civilians in need.

May 3-9: UN rushes to salvage grain stores in Hudaydah, government and southern forces clash in al-Dhali'

Friday, May 3

A roadside bomb believed to have been planted by al-Qaeda killed six civilians in al-Qatn village in Hadhramawt. This is the second attack in less than a week by al-Qaeda in the village. AQAP is active in several provinces in south and eastern Yemen.

Emirati officials say that the UAE is planning to diversify their distribution of aid in order to further their reach. The UAE will continue to use organisations outside of the UN-coordinated humanitarian response in providing aid. The UAE identifies food programmes and cholera prevention as top priorities. UN agencies and NGOs have criticized the UAE and Saudi Arabia throughout the conflict for refusing to pay into the UN’s pooled fund for Yemen, and for politicizing their humanitarian projects.

Saturday, May 4

Arab News reports that Saudi Arabia has launched new border security patrols in Saudi Arabia’s Najran Province, which borders Yemen’s al-Jawf and Sa’dah Governorates. US special forces soldiers are known to be assisting with border security; if US troops are involved in joint patrols, there will be an increase in the likelihood of direct US-Houthi clashes, which could escalate the conflict significantly.

April 26-May 2: Southern Authorities round up African migrants, fighting escalates in al-Dhali' and al-Hudaydah

Friday, April 26

After several days of conflict with local security forces, the Abu al-Abbas Brigades have agreed to leave the old city of Ta’iz based on an agreement with the city’s “truce committee,” reports al-Masdar Online.

Beginning in Aden and Lahj governorates last Sunday, Yemeni authorities are rounding up irregular migrants in Southern Yemen. The UN migration agency is saying these actions are, “creating an acute humanitarian situation.” The International Organization for Migration is concerned about the conditions in which the migrants, who are predominantly Ethiopian, are being held.

British Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt hosted the UAE’s Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Co-operation, Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed, in London, where the two discussed their bilateral partnership. UN Special Envoy Martin Griffiths also met with Hunt, Sheikh Abdullah, and figures from Saudi Arabia and the US to discuss the next steps in the UN-brokered peace plan.

Saturday, April 27

Mareb Press reports heavy exchanges of artillery fire between the Hadi government and Houthi militias in Hudaydah.

Al-Masdar Online reports that a new pro-Hadi assembly, the Southern National Coalition, has been established in Aden. As scholar Sam Ramani points out, the body is intended to rival the Southern Transitional Council, but will likely struggle to gain significant support due to Hadi’s unpopularity in the area.

Arab News reports that clashes in al-Dhali’ province allegedly resulted in 70 Houthi casualties. Coalition casualties were not reported.

Six Yemeni demining experts died in Ta’iz following an explosion at a warehouse that contained unexploded landmines.

IHL & HRL Violations - April 2019


San’a Governorate

A lawyer alleges that 36 defendants charged with espionage have been tortured by the Houthis during their detention. The lawyer also alleges that they have been deprived of food and medicine. Torture and any cruel, inhuman, or degrading punishments are prohibited by IHL rule 90. This is also a violation of rule 118, which requires that persons deprived of their liberty are provided with basic necessities, such as food, water, and medicine.  

April 19-25: ACLED reports 10K combat deaths since November, Houthis gain ground in al-Dhali'

Friday, April 19

The Armed Conflict and Location Event Data Project (ACLED) reports that more than 70,000 people have been killed in Yemen’s civil war since January 2016. The database that tracks violence in the country also reported that 10,000 deaths of the 70,000 have come in the past five months. While casualties in Hudaydah have decreased this year, they have increased in governorates including al-Jawf, Ta’iz, Hajjah, and al-Dhali’. The Saudi-led coalition is responsible for the majority of civilian deaths “from direct targeting.”

The Saudi-led coalition conducted air raids on a facility allegedly housing drones near the presidential palace in San’a.

Oxfam has warned that Yemen is at risk of a “massive resurgence” of cholera. This year there have been 195,00 suspected cases. Lack of access to clean water and healthcare has allowed the spread of cholera to accelerate.

Saturday, April 20

On Saturday evening the Houthis announced the death of their interior minister. A source in San’a told The National that there is no clear information regarding his death and that it is a “mystery.” Official statements from Ansar Allah claim that he died while receiving medical care in Lebanon.

The National reports that both Houthi forces and pro-coalition forces made gains in different parts of al-Dhali’. A spokesperson for the Security Belt Forces claimed that a mutiny within the pro-government 30th Armored Brigade and the surrender of tribal leaders in al-Awd are part of a “big conspiracy” which has benefited the Houthis in the area. Houthi advances were also reported in contested parts of Ibb Governorate.

April 13-18: Parliament convenes in Sey'un, civilians flee Kushar as Houthi raids continue

Saturday, April 13

For the first time since the war began, Yemen’s parliament held a session with a quorum of members participating; President Hadi was in attendance. The purpose of this session was to fill parliamentary positions and focus on ways to combat the Houthis. However, this is difficult as elections have not been held since 2009, and many pre-war parliamentarians remain in San’a, where the Houthi administration also claims the support of the legislature. It is unlikely that this parliament will make any significant contribution to the peace process.

Sunday, April 14

The Washington Post is reporting that the Islamic State and al-Qaeda are in a deadly contest for territory, recruits, and influence in Yemen. Clashes are occurring and fighting has escalated in central Baydha province between Yemeni tribal forces that are aligned with the two groups. Elisabeth Kendall, a Yemen expert at Oxford University, states that the feud is “linked to local territorial and power rivalries.”

Monday, April 15

It is reported that French weapons “may have been used to commit war crimes” in Yemen by the Saudi-led coalition. France has previously said that French-made weapons were only used defensively, but they have not responded to these  specific allegations yet. Moreover, Amnesty International is urging France to immediately suspend all arms transfers to Yemen.

Congress must respond decisively to Trump's veto of S.J.Res.7

On Tuesday night, President Trump vetoed Senate Joint Resolution 7, a groundbreaking piece of legislation passed by bipartisan majorities in both houses of Congress calling for an end to US military support for the Saudi-led intervention in Yemen. The justification Trump provides for this veto has extremely dangerous implications that Congress must urgently address.

April 5-11: Students killed by airstrikes in San'a, cholera outbreak widens

Friday, April 5

The Saudi ambassador to the UN is calling on the UN Security Council to “disarm” Houthi militias, citing the Houthis’ stockpile of missiles and drones, and the incident last week in which two Houthi drones were intercepted over the kingdom.

Saturday, April 6

Al Jazeera reports on the cholera epidemic that has made a resurgence and has killed at least 300 people since the beginning of the outbreak. Last month more 76,000 suspected cases were registered. The UN believes this outbreak could be as bad as the one in 2017 that killed more than 3,000 people. Treatment is limited and prices of medication are high. Cholera is spread primarily through polluted food and water, and the conflict only exacerbates the problem. The feature states that it is likely the disease will be contained only when the war ends and reconstruction begins.

Southern news outlet Aden al-Ghad reports clashes between Houthi militias and the pro-government Giants Brigade outside the city of Ta’iz.

Houthi shelling in al-Tuhayta directorate of Hudaydah province killed seven and wounded seventeen people, reports Aden al-Ghad.

Introducing the Empower Yemen initiative!

The YPP team is very pleased to finally announce the launch of our new program: the Empower Yemen initiative. We are incredibly proud of the work we’ve done on Capitol Hill to end US involvement in the war in Yemen, and this week we are particularly gratified to see the historic passage of S.J.Res.7, a piece of legislation YPP worked on for roughly two years. Under the indefatigable leadership of our past advocacy directors, Kate Kizer (2017) and Eric Eikenberry (2018), the YPP played a crucial role in the formation of the advocacy coalition that pushed S.J.Res.7 through the Senate and House. That coalition continues to grow, as does the roster of senators and representatives who understand the urgency of the crisis in Yemen and the need for a radical change in US policy.

Because of those achievements, and because there are capable leaders like Kate and Eric (and many others) continuing the struggle in Congress, we decided last year that YPP would pivot to a new phase of the advocacy effort. Specifically, we decided that our primary goal should be ensuring that the advocacy happening in Washington reflects the perspectives of those who have to live with the consequences of US policy. You’ve probably already noticed that YPP has been much quieter in 2019 than in years past; empowering Yemenis means working in the background to push Yemeni advocates and experts to the forefront. Taking advantage of our networks in Yemen and our partners in Washington, the Empower Yemen initiative aims to bring Yemeni activists and civil society leaders into the US policy-making process, bringing us closer to an American foreign policy based on human rights, the rule of law, and the interests and needs of the Yemeni people.

March 29-April 4: Fighting escalates in al-Dhali', House passes War Powers bill

Friday, March 29

In an interview with The Guardian, Mohamed Ali al-Houthi criticized UK Foreign Minister Jeremy Hunt for pressuring Germany to end its ban on arms sales to Saudi Arabia, saying that the UK can not be a peace-broker and an arms seller. German parties have reached a compromise that will extend the ban for another six months, while allowing German firms to fulfill existing contracts with other European arms makers.

Aden al-Ghad reports that a Southern Yemeni women’s group, Southern Women for Southern Independence, sent a letter to the UN. The letter expressed the group’s objections to not having been included in the recent Yemeni Women’s Conference entitled “Mediators for Peace,” organized by UN Women in Amman, Jordan.

Saturday, March 30

SPA reports that government forces “besieged” areas in southeast Ta’iz, and “liberated” areas in al-Aqrud from the Houthis.

Sunday, March 31

In a letter to the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, the UAE Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Dr. Anwar Gargash rejects a report by the Group of Eminent experts on Yemen and instead believes that the Human Rights Council should refocus efforts on supporting Yemen’s government. The UAE is responsible for the abduction, torture, and murder of Yemeni civilians in their network of extralegal prisons in the south, as well as for war crimes associated with the coalition’s air campaign.

CARPO report explores requirements for peace

CARPO, the Center for Applied Research in Partnership with the Orient, released their latest report on Yemen, Understanding Peace Requirements in Yemen, on March 5, 2019. The report highlights political and social factors that impact the ongoing conflict, identifying requirements for peace in relevant sectors, and important actors that can play a role in meeting these requirements.



Hudaydah Governorate

The Mother of Abductees Organization has condemned Houthi forces for abducting and hiding women in Hudaydah City. The arbitrary deprivation of liberty is forbidden by rule 99.

San’a Governorate

The Houthis threw restrained prisoners suffering from severe memory loss due to torture into the streets of San’a in early March. Torture is prohibited by rule 90 and rule 118 states that those deprived of their liberty must have access to adequate medical care.

March 22-28: cholera cases spike, detainees' families protest at home and abroad

Friday, March 22

The warring parties in Yemen have arbitrarily and illegally detained or disappeared thousands of civilians. The government and the Houthis agreed in principle to a prisoner swap last year in Stockholm, but the process has been stalled. In a feature by Al Jazeera, family members of detainees are calling for the prisoner swaps to finally materialize.

In regard to Germany’s arms embargo on Saudi Arabia, Chancellor Angela Merkel remarked that Germany risked being seen as “an unreliable defense partner” if the embargo is extended. France and Britain, who continue arms sales to Saudi Arabia, rely on German parts and are also being affected by the embargo.

A report found that in areas of conflict, diarrhea and other diseases related to poor sanitation caused more deaths than violence from the conflict itself. Access to clean water sources has become increasingly rare throughout Yemen, and specifically in active conflict zones, where warring parties frequently destroy or restrict access to supplies.   

Saturday, March 23

The Saudi-led coalition launched attacks on Houthi camps in San’a. The raids were intended to target the rebels’ stockpile of drones.

Sunday, March 24

Protesters gathered at the UN headquarters in Geneva to bring attention to conflict between the Houthis and civilians in Hajjah. The protesters urged the international community to put more pressure on the Houthis.

Monday, March 25

Overnight clashes in Hudaydah were the heaviest the port city has seen since the beginning of the local ceasefire. This comes as the UN observer team chief was expected to convene both sides in order to launch newly agreed-upon steps towards disengagement.

The Saudi-led coalition and the UN have signed an agreement to reinforce the protection of children in Yemen. The agreement will focus on preventive action and services for child survivors. Moreover, there will be a commitment by the coalition to improve protections of children.

There is a sharp increase in the number of suspected cholera cases, which are likely due to early rains. Moreover, deteriorating conditions, poor maintenance of sewage disposal, and the use of contaminated water are exacerbating the problem. The recent spike is concentrated in six provinces, including Hudaydah and San’a.

In a letter to UK Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt, opposition leaders from the Labour Party, SNP, Liberal Democrats, Plaid Cymru, and the Green Party challenged the UK’s arms sales to the Saudi-led coalition. The joint letter states that the government is profiting off of the conflict through their arms sales.

SPA reports that Yemen’s economy lost close to $50 billion over the course of the war. In the last five years, growth was negative in all sectors and economic activity declined. Losses do not include the destruction of infrastructure.

In southern Yemen, Al-Khaleej Online reports that al-Rayyan International Airport in Mukalla, Hadhramawt has not reopened due to the UAE’s desire to maintain a military headquarters within it. The UAE are accused of exploiting the airport and using it as a secret prison. The airport remained closed after al-Qaeda militants were expelled from the area.

The  rivalry between Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates over the island of Socotra is back in the news. Socotra is of strategic importance because it is located at the entrance of the Gulf of Aden, which leads to the Bab al-Mandab Strait, which is an important shipping lane. Critics of the UAE saw their previous involvement on the island as an attempt to occupy it.

Clashes were reported today by al-Masdar Online between AQAP and IS in the Yakla area of al-Baydha province. According to the article, AQAP members supported by local tribesmen seized weapons, military equipment and funds from IS and freed thirty soldiers loyal to the Hadi government during the fighting.  

According to al-Masdar Online, the Abu al-Abbas brigades in Ta’iz, which have ties to AQAP and receive funding and equipment from the UAE, closed a number of streets in the Old City today. The militia has been fighting rival fighting groups, including those affiliated with the Islah Party, since helping to liberate parts of the city from the Houthis. The governor of Ta’iz recently announced his intention to disarm unaccountable militias, which has exacerbated local fighting.

Tuesday, March 26

Twenty detainees held without charges in Mukalla, Hadhramawt Governorate were acquitted and released without trials after protests by the detainees’ families.

Ghalib Sultan, Ta’iz’s Islah party leader, was photographed with Yahya al-Houthi at a Houthi rally in San’a.

Houthi media reports pro-Houthi demonstrations in Ta’iz and Sa’dah today, on the anniversary of the Saudi-led intervention in Yemen. Today is the fourth anniversary of Saudi-led intervention in the war.

Al-Masdar Online reports that Houthi forces are indiscriminately shelling civilian areas in the district of Qarishiyah, al-Baydha province.

Wednesday, March 27

The UAE is supporting local forces to counter al-Qaeda militants in Shabwah province, as part of a campaign called “White Mountains.”

A hospital supported by Save the Children in northern Yemen was hit in an airstrike. The strike, which was carried out by the Saudi-led coalition, killed at least seven people, five of which were children.

The Labour Party wants clarification on the UK’s role in Yemen following a report that British special forces soldiers were involved on the ground.

Al Jazeera reports that the majority of Yemenis can not afford healthcare, and even when money is available there are not enough supplies. The war has destroyed half of Yemen’s hospitals and clinics. This has contributed to many Yemenis dying in their homes without treatment.

Thursday, March 28

A spokesman for the US State Department is calling for a transparent investigation into the airstrike that killed seven people including four children at a hospital in a rural area about sixty miles from Sa’dah.

The UN special envoy to Yemen believes that withdrawal from Hudaydah will occur, it will just be a slow process. Martin Griffiths stated that the number of casualties in the port has decreased by fifty percent since the ceasefire came into effect. Civilian casualties elsewhere in Yemen have increased.

March 15-21: Pompeo intensifies bellicose rhetoric, Yemeni government claims victories in Sa’dah

Friday, March 15

At a press conference, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo explained the Trump administration’s view that continuing military support for the Saudi-led coalition would help defeat the Houthis, which would ensure just peace. He further claimed that ending military support would handicap the coalition, which would prolong the conflict. This position is at odds with the assessments of most experts.

Saturday, March 16

To address the deficit in electricity generation, Yemen’s Aden refinery is seeking 90,000 tons of oil product. Fuel supplies have run low as a result of import restrictions imposed by the coalition and Yemeni government, as well as the diversion of fuel to the black market by multiple parties to the conflict.

March 8-14: Civilian death toll rises in Hajjah, Senate passes war powers bill

Friday, March 8

People are protesting for a fourth day in Aden after Raafat Danbaa, who allegedly witnessed the rape of a seven-year-old boy by UAE-backed fighters, was found dead. The Yemeni government has set up a committee to investigate his death. The UAE has faced numerous accusations of various human rights abuses since taking control of southern Yemen.

In the al-Durayhimi area of Hudaydah, fighting broke out between Houthi and coalition forces. A coalition officer reported that the Houthis prompted the attack and that this was the second attack in 24 hours. Sporadic fighting has taken place since the Stockholm agreement, preventing the successful withdrawal of forces from Hudaydah.

Saudi Arabia shot down a drone that was flying over the kingdom. The Saudi-led coalition accused the Houthis of launching the drone and using it to target civilians.

Sunday, March 10

UNICEF says it has started paying over 136,000 teachers and school staff in Yemen. UNICEF believes an estimated 3.7 million children will benefit from this as 2 million out of 7 million school-aged children are already out of school because of the conflict and economic crisis.

Monday, March 11

Pro-Hadi news source Yemen Now tweeted on the Hadi government’s displeasure with the UN’s perceived silence concerning Houthi attacks on civilians in Hajjah province.

The Women’s Solidarity Network posted a statement on their Facebook page calling for humanitarian action in response to the intensification of conflict in the areas of Yemen not covered by the Stockholm agreements, such as the Kushar district of Hajjah.

There have been over 5,000 cases of child recruitment since the beginning of the conflict, according to a non-government source. The article also states that around 4 million children have been prevented from receiving an education due to the destruction of schools and infrastructure during the conflict.

Al-Masdar Online discusses water access issues in the city of Ta’iz. This article, citing a report from Al Jazeera, states that Houthi forces control the city’s main source of water east of Ta’iz and have been restricting access to water as part of a siege on the city. Meanwhile, qat farmers to the west of Ta’iz require large amounts of water for their fields and use a significant portion of the available water resources, leaving little for the city’s residents.

Aden al-Ghad reports that all communication systems in the Hajur tribal area have been cut off by the Houthis. This action was followed by two days of large-scale destruction of civilian homes in the area, according to journalist Faisal al-Shababi.

Tuesday, March 12

A prominent Yemeni Baha’i leader, Hamed bin Haydara, was sentenced to death in a Houthi court for espionage and apostasy charges. The international community is concerned that the Houthis are purposely targeting the religious minority group. Over 100 Baha’is are being held on false charges.

Twelve children and ten women were killed following Saudi-led airstrikes in Hajjah Governorate, while thirty people were injured. The strikes were intended to target Houthi forces attacking tribal fighters and civilians in the area.

A UN humanitarian agency has stated that Hajjah province has become another flashpoint in the country’s civil war. The district of Kushar in Hajjah province is only 31 miles from the Saudi border. The ongoing fighting has trapped civilians between the warring parties and the number of displaced people has doubled in the past six months.

The UN Security Council is urging Yemen’s warring parties to implement the peace deal in Hudaydah. The five permanent members released a statement saying they were “extremely concerned” that the agreement in Stockholm had not been implemented.

Al-Masdar Online reports that clashes erupted Sunday evening between tribal gunmen and Saudi forces in al-Mahrah province. Tribal elements in the area reportedly oppose the Saudi military presence in the province.

Baseem al-Jenani reports on continued shelling by the Houthis in Hudaydah, which continue to hinder the progress of Stockholm agreement implementations.

Aden 24 reports that Saudi-funded mine removal teams removed over 2,000 mines and pieces of unexploded ordnance in the first week of March.

Wednesday, March 13

The Senate passed S.J.Res.7, a war powers measure to end US military participation in the war in Yemen. The measure will now go to the House, where a similar piece of legislation passed last month. President Trump has promised to veto S.J.Res.7 if it passes the House as expected.

The Yemeni government has accused the Houthis of committing “acts of genocide” against civilians in Hajjah province. Yemen’s information minister states that the Houthis are using heavy weaponry, including ballistic missiles, to target civilian homes. The fighting has persisted for more than a month and thousands of civilians are unable to flee and lack access to basic necessities.

Amnesty International reports that several children have been sexually abused in the city of Ta'iz over the past eight months. Some of these crimes were committed by members of a coalition-backed, pro-Islah militia. The report calls on the Yemeni government to investigate these crimes and to protect the children and their families from militia retaliation.

Thursday, March 14

TeleYemen, Yemen’s largest telecommunications company, has relocated to Aden and is back under the government’s control. TeleYemen was previously headquartered in San’a, which gave the Houthis exclusive rights to provide international communications access. According to the Ministry of Telecommunications and Information, private telecommunications companies operating out of San’a are indirectly financing the Houthis’ war efforts through taxes. Between 2014 and 2017 the Houthis received $2 billion from telecommunication companies. The ministry is taking action to combat this.

Al-Masdar Online discusses the disconnect between the Central Bank of Yemen recognized by the international community, located in government-controlled Aden, and the San’a-based Central Bank that has fallen under Houthi control since their takeover of the city. While the official headquarters of the Central Bank was moved to Aden by the Hadi government in 2016, the San’a-based banking system now controlled by the Houthis continues to function, controlling currency exchange points and ATMs, often under policies which conflict with those instituted by the government in Aden. The article illuminates how this discrepancy contributes to the instability of the Yemeni financial system.

An article from al-Masdar Online discusses a protest today by the Mothers of Abductees Association in Ibb province. The protest was held to draw attention to the practice of blackmailing abductees’ families by Houthi militias in the area.

March 1-7: Fighting in Hajjah continues to escalate, pro- and anti-UAE protests rock Aden and Sey'un

Friday, March 1

Despite the partial ceasefire in al-Hudaydah, five children were killed in an attack in al-Tuhayta District, which is south of Hudaydah City. UNICEF Executive Director Henrietta Fore says that “each day, eight children are killed or injured across 31 active conflict zones in the country.”

British Foreign Minister Jeremy Hunt began his visit to the peninsula in Oman, meeting with the Houthis’ chief negotiator Mohammed Abdul-Salam. The UK is worried that Saudi Arabia and the UAE will return to a military solution if the Houthis continue to delay implementation of the Stockholm Agreement. This comes after the Houthis failed again to withdraw from Saleef and Ras Isa ports.

Southern Yemen, where there is an ongoing secessionist movement, is not formally represented in the UN-mediated peace deal. A senior figure in the Southern Transitional Council--a popular government-in-waiting that claims to represent the Southern people--states that lack of inclusion could prompt a new conflict. According to Reuters, the STC and Special Envoy Griffiths have met three times, but no concrete progress has come from the meetings.



Hajjah Governorate

Houthi forces have killed at least 105 civilians from local tribes in Kushar District this past month in targeted attacks and indiscriminate shelling . Civilians are protected from attack by customary IHL rules 3 and 6.


Aid workers report that they are being threatened in Houthi-controlled areas of Yemen. One aid worker was detained by Houthi forces in January and released on February 16. Impeding humanitarian aid is a violation of rule 55 section B, and rule 99 forbids the arbitrary deprivation of liberty.

February 22 - March 1: Houthis intensify attacks on Hajjah tribes, Hudaydah progress stalls

Friday, February 22

Yemen’s Ministry of Culture provided the government’s first official account of lost cultural property and artifacts since the war began. The government accuses Houthi rebels of smuggling stolen antiquities out of the country and selling them on the black market. Further, many documents and manuscripts have been destroyed and are missing, and some historical sites are under great threat. The government’s account only places blame on the Houthis for the destruction of Yemen’s cultural heritage, despite the fact that the Saudi-led coalition is known to have damaged or destroyed a number of cultural sites in airstrikes.

UNICEF Yemen reports that over 2 million children in Yemen are now out of school. Many schools across Yemen have been damaged or occupied by armed forces, or used to house displaced people. Teachers--like many civil servants--have gone without salaries for much of the war’s duration.

Earlier this month CNN released a report that stated that Saudi Arabia and The United Arab Emirates had transferred US weapons to unaccountable militias. On Thursday, presidential candidate Senator Elizabeth Warren issued a letter with questions about the suspected arms transfer to acting Defense Secretary Patrick Shanahan and Secretary of State Mike Pompeo. Warren believes addressing the diversion of US weapons is crucial to holding partners accountable and protecting national security.

Houthi militias attacked the Yahiya tribe in Hajjah province today, according to al-Masdar Online

Saturday, February 23

The UAE backed Security Belt Forces took control of an al-Qaeda training base in Abyan Governorate. Abyan has a reputation as a stronghold for AQAP. On Friday night a military campaign to remove al-Qaeda from Aumaran valley was launched. Thus far, the Security Belt Forces claim to have driven AQAP fighters out of Hadhramawt, large portions of Shabwah, and “90%” of Abyan.

Clashes were reported between Security Belt Forces and al-Qaeda in a number of valleys in al-Mawdiah district, according to southern news outlet Aden al-Ghad.

Sunday, February 24

The Houthis are scheduled to withdraw troops from the ports of Saleef, used for grain, and Ras Isa, an oil terminal, on Monday as the first step in the UN-brokered deal. The second step, Houthi withdrawal from al-Hudaydah Port and a pull-back by coalition forces, will take place at a later time. Successful implementation of the deal is crucial to averting a renewed offensive by UAE-led forces, and guaranteeing commercial and humanitarian access to the ports.

Fighting between the Houthis and Yemeni tribes in Hajjah has intensified. Tribal sources confirm that 45 Houthi fighters have died as a result of the fighting.

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres and hosts Sweden and Switzerland will convene a pledging conference for the humanitarian response in Yemen. The UN is seeking international support for the 80% of the Yemeni population in need humanitarian assistance. In December the UN asked for $4.2 billion for Yemen. The World Food Program aims to help 12 million people a month in 2019 and will need $1.5 billion.

British Prime Minister Theresa May says the UK will pledge £200 million in aid to Yemen, but that their arms policy toward Saudi Arabia would not change. This comes after recent criticism of Britain’s arms exports to Saudi Arabia.  

Pro-government news site Yemen Now tweeted that a Houthi missile attack in Sa’dah killed and wounded more than 70 civilians.

Monday, February 25

H.J.Res.37 was expected to be considered by the Senate this week. However, Republican leadership has “de-privileged” the resolution, which means that Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-KY) will not allow a vote on the legislation despite its passage in the House.

Human Rights Watch says that Qatar is threatening to expel a Yemeni national without considering his claim for asylum. The Yemeni national should qualify for asylum under Qatari law. However, for Qatar’s asylum law to go in to effect, a Committee for Political Asylee Affairs needs to be created, but there is no timeline for when this will be.

President Trump announced on Twitter that Danny Burch, and US citizen who had been held hostage in Yemen for 18 months, had been freed with the help of the UAE. Burch worked for the Yemeni Safer oil company at the time he was abducted.

Al-Masdar Online reports that according to human rights sources in Hajjah province, 105 civilians were killed in Houthi attacks on the Hajur tribes in Hajjah over the past month.

Tuesday, February 26

For the first time in six months, UN aid officials have been able to reach the Red Sea Mills, which holds a vital grain supply. Although this is a major breakthrough, the UN needs sustained access, which will come from progress in the implementation of the Stockholm Agreement.

In response to the decision on Monday that deemed H.J.Res.37 “de-privileged,” Senator Bernie Sanders is moving ahead with a plan to discharge S.J.Res.7, the same resolution that passed in the Senate in December. The bill has already been deemed privileged, and is identical to the pre-amendment version of H.J.Res.37. If the resolution can pass in the Senate a second time, House Democrats may still have trouble preventing another round of amendments.

It is believed that thousands of civilians are besieged and more than 100 inhabitants have died as a result of the ongoing fighting between the Houthis and local fighters led by tribal leaders in the Hajur area of Hajjah province. The Houthis have had control of Hajjah since they seized San’a in 2014. Residents in Hajur do not have access to medical treatment, food, or other essentials. The coalition has not intervened directly, but air dropped medicine, food, and weapons for the first time last Tuesday. However, residents say the supplies were only for fighters and that it was not enough to help them win.

The United Nations pledging conference for the humanitarian crisis in Yemen raised $2.6 billion of its $4 billion goal. Saudi Arabia and the UAE, primary actors in the conflict, pledged $500 million each. UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres stated, however, that the humanitarian response will not be enough the end the crisis and that peace negotiations between the warring sides are needed.

Although phase one of the UN-brokered deal to withdraw from Hudaydah was agreed upon, implementation of the deal seems to have stalled. Mistrust remains an obstacle for the successful implementation of the deal.

After the Trump administration failed to meet the deadline invoked by the Magnitsky act, which required a verdict on whether or not the White House believed the Saudi regime has committed human rights violations, a group of US senators introduced legislation that would require the Director of National Intelligence to submit a public report on the assassination of Jamal Khashoggi.

A number of Houthi fighters, including an explosives expert, were killed by the popular resistance movement in al-Bayda province. The popular resistance is a term used to refer to local/tribal forces that have allied with the Hadi government in opposition to the Houthis.

Wednesday, February 27

Journalists have gathered evidence that German weapons are being used by the Saudi-led coalition despite Germany’s ban on arms sales to Saudi Arabia. During a press conference, the spokeswoman for Chancellor Angela Merkel refused to comment on the new reports and only repeated Germany’s current policy on arms sales to Saudi Arabia.

The UN Security Council authorized a one-year extension of the sanctions imposed on entities threatening peace, security, and stability in Yemen by Resolution 2140, which has been in place since February of 2014. The latest resolution also renews the provisions of an arms embargo imposed against the Houthis in 2015.

A feature by Al Jazeera highlighted Yemen’s water scarcity,  as around 20 million Yemenis do not have access to water because of the war and preexisting challenges. Yemenis contend with depleted wells, contaminated water, and inability to access aid. Therefore millions of Yemenis are left spending many hours of the day searching for clean drinking water.

Thursday, February 28

After more than two years, the government has paid the salaries of more than 30,000 state employees in Hudaydah.

British Foreign Minister Jeremy Hunt will travel to Oman, Saudi Arabia, and the UAE to hold talks on the conflict in Yemen. Hunt plans to meet with both Houthi and coalition officials.

The Houthis blew up thirteen houses in Hajjah province and executed a man in the city of Ta’iz yesterday, according to Aden al-Ghad.

Friday, March 1

Representatives Lieu (D-CA) and Malinowski (D-NJ) have sent a letter to Secretary of State Pompeo, co-signed by 11 other members of Congress, demanding an investigation into reports that Saudi Arabia has recruited and deployed Sudanese children to fight in Yemen. US law prohibits the provision of military assistance to states that recruit minors to fight. The White House generally issues waivers for some countries known to violate international laws on child soldiers, including Yemen, but it has not granted a waiver to Saudi Arabia since the war in Yemen began.